The difference between a dull complexion and a porcelain smooth complexion is large, unsightly pores. Large Pores or enlarged pores on the face are a very frustrating problem for many people. Large pores are prone to forming blackheads and acne. Large pores also often stand out and are more noticeable when makeup is applied. Treatment of large pores in the past has been mainly directed towards drying agents to reduce oil production in the skin. These treatments do help, but they are a short term solution and don’t change the skins structure in a way to reduce enlarged pores and pore size permanently.
Pores play a vital role in skin physiology. After all, without them we’d have nowhere for hair to grow out of, no method for skin oils to reach the surface, protecting skin from environmental dehydration. Skin pores are not invisible and everyone has them. The question is how best to minimize pores’ appearance.
The pore is little more than the opening of the hair follicle onto the surface of the skin. The source of the hair follicle lies deep within the dermis. Midway up the dermal layer, the sebaceous oil gland empties into the hair follicle. Both skin oil (sebum) and the hair breach the surface through this tiny aperture. Wherever there is a hair, there will be a pore.
What causes large pores?
Anything that attracts attention or expands the natural shape of pores magnifies their appearance. Genetics may certainly be to blame. Barely visible on those prone to drier skin, individuals with oily, thicker (glabrous) skin tend to have larger looking, more noticeable pores.
Sun damage is another cause. As we age, one of the ways sun damage affects the skin is through the enlargement of the pores. Sun damage and aging cause the epidermis to thicken and a rim of cells are more likely to collect around individual pores. While microscopic, these rings exaggerate pore diameter.
Pores may be more visible simply due to lack of good skin grooming and poor exfoliation. Too much surface oil and remnant naturally shed skin cells can collect around the edges of pores, creating the illusion of the pores being larger than they really are.
Blackheads and enlarged pores often go hand-in-hand. Blackheads can either expand pores or simply focus attention on them. But pores can appear larger than life for many reasons, blackheads being but one of them.
Black Heads Plug Pores
Pores are a natural part of the skin; blackheads are the superficial plugs that may form within them. Pore dilatation begins with faulty exfoliation of cells lining the interior gland – cells are too “sticky” leading to microscopic plugs.
Sebaceous glands continue to produce sebum that accumulate behind the plug. Protracted pooling of skin oils also serves to nourish bacteria (like P. Acnes and S. Epidermidis).
Dead skin cells, oils and bacteria choke the follicular opening, expanding the diameter of the pore. Blackheads – medically termed “open comedones” – are an all too common outcome. Plugs within the pores composed of sebum, cellular debris and bacteria congest the gland and expand the pore. Contact with air allows oxygenation to take place, turning the plugs black, further heightening visibility.
Treatments for Enlarged Pores
Target the key factors that cause enlarged pores:
- Unclogging pores
- Reducing excessive oiliness
- Increasing collagen proliferation and skin elasticity
- Clear + Brilliant Fractional laser technology refreshes skin from the inside out.
Environ Skin Care. Using advanced cosmeceutical skin care, will improve the integrity and quality of the skin. Removing the upper layers of dead skin and stimulating new collagen production is the objective. Once this has been achieved, maintaining the results through the use of a good quality sunscreen and a potent form of topical vitamin A is recommended.
Microdermabrasion MDA. A clinically effective method of keeping pores clean and healthy. A superb treatment that promotes healthy skin within a matter of weeks. The skin is treated to a deep, mechanical exfoliation, which gently resurfaces the outer layers of the skin, removing damaged cells and stimulating the skin’s natural cell regenerating process. The result is healthy, natural, smooth and youthful skin.